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The saxophone is a very unique instrument that can play many different styles of music from classical to jazz. It was invented by Adolphe Sax and introduced to the French military band in 1845. It is considered to be one of the youngest instruments and was inspired by the flute, clarinet, bass clarinet, and French horn. It was first built in the US in 1885. Initially, it was developed to have a deep brass sound, but after Adolphe’s patient ran out other people changed it’s tone so it could be heard over the trumpets and trombones.
The soprano sax, alto sax, tenor sax, and baritone saxophone are the most common saxophones; however, there are a few bass saxophones and a contra bass saxophones that can be found today. The soprano sax is pitched one octave higher than the tenor sax, and the alto sax is pitched one octave higher than the bari sax. Even though the saxophone is made out of brass, it is classified as a woodwind instrument because a single wooden reed is used to produce sound.